What is a quote sandwich?

CWI Writing Center: The Quote Sandwich*

A quote sandwich encourages writers to introduce quotes and discuss them afterwards. Just keep in mind quotes should be the supporter, not the supplier, of information in an essay.

*Note: The rules of the quote sandwich apply to paraphrases and summaries as well.

Using a quote sandwich will help the reader:

  • Separate the writer’s ideas from someone else’s ideas.
  • Connect someone else’s ideas to the writer’s ideas.
  • Understand the quote and why it supports the writer’s thesis statement.
  • Explain the context of the quote.

Steps for Using a Quote Sandwich

Steps for a Quote Sandwich

Notes: Keep your quotes short, break up large quotes, or paraphrase information to avoid using too many block quotes in your paper (see handouts on block quotes).

A good general guideline is that 2/3 of the paper is your ideas and 1/3 of the paper is outside sources. Verify with your instructor if you feel the assignment requires more or less information from sources.

Separate multiple quotations with discussion sentences. This helps improve the flow of your ideas throughout the paper. (This note applies to the APA writing style as well.)

Sections of a Quote Sandwich, and Example of a Quote Sandwich

Note: Please see the MLA, APA, Chicago Style, ACS, or AMA manuals for details on in-text citations and source integration. 

For more information, contact the Writing Center.