How do I write an APA references page?

CWI Writing Center: APA References: Common Examples

Alphabetize your citation entries for the References page by the first word in each entry. Use the first letter of the word immediately following the articles (a, an, the) in the Alphabetizing process. The publication date follows the author, the organization name, or if there is no author, the title of the work.

General Format (Book with One Author):

Author(s) or Organization

Last Name, First Initial listed in the order in which they appear

Date of Publication

Theophano, J. (2002). Eat my words: Reading women’s lives through the cookbooks they wrote. New York, NY: Palgrave.

Title of the Work

Only capitalize proper nouns and the first word of the title and subtitle

Publication Information

City, State Abbreviation: Publisher


Article or Chapter in an Edited Book or an Anthology:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. In A. A. Editor, B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of anthology (pages).  City, State Abbreviation: Publisher. 

Coonrod, R. R. (2010).  New age.  In J. Moon (Ed.), Houdini gut punch:  An anthology of bizarro horror (pp. 79-91).  Lexington, KY:  Library of the Living Dead Press.


Film or Video:

Producer, A. (Producer). Director, A. (Director). (Date of Publication). Movie title [Source Type, for example Motion Picture, DVD, or Blu-Ray]. Country of Origin: Production Company. 

Kennedy, K., Abrams, J.J., & Burk, B. (Producers). Abrams, J.J. (Director) (2016). Star wars: The force awakens [Blu-Ray]. United States: Lucasfilm Ltd.


Journal Article from a Database:

Without a DOI:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article.  Title of Journal, volume number, Page number(s). Retrieved from

Gawthorne, J. A., Tan, N. Y., Bailey, U. M., Davis, M. R., Wong, L. W., Naidu, R., … Shulz, B. L. (2014, February 22). Selection against glycosylation sites in potential target proteins of the general HMWC N-glycosyltransferase in haemophilus influenzae. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 445, 633-638. Retrieved from


With a DOI:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number, Page number(s). doi:000000000/0000000000000

Mische, A. (2009, September). Projects and possibilities: Researching futures in action. Sociological Forum, 24(3), 694-704. doi: 10.1111/j.1573-7861.2009.01127.x


Map, Chart, or Illustration:

Title of Map [Source Type, for example Map, Chart, or Illustration]. (Date of publication). Retrieved from the organization’s website: URL. 

Reference Map of Idaho [Map]. (2014). Retrieved from One World – Nations Online website:


Short Work from Website:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (January 31, 2014). Immunization Schedules. Retrieved from

For more information, contact the Writing Center.