How do I integrate sources in APA format?

CWI Writing Center: APA Source Integration

Paraphrases, summaries, and direct quotations are used to integrate ideas from other writers. ALWAYS properly cite sources within the text and on the References page to AVOID PLAGIARISM. Please see the Quote Sandwich handout for further information.

Paraphrasing is putting others’ ideas into your own words and doesn’t require quotation marks. Finding synonyms for the words is plagiarism if the sentences are still too similar.

For example: the colors below indicate the pieces of each sentence that match. Even though the words are different, more has to be done than changing the words. The words have to be expressed in a new way.

Source, Plagiarism, Paraphrase

Note: Make sure you cite your paraphrase properly by using a signal phrase, for example “The source suggests,” and an in-text citation or it will still be plagiarism. Please see our Plagiarism and in-text citation handouts for more details.

Summarizing is taking a large amount of information from one source and writing the main ideas in your own words. What you use has to represent the information from the source as the source intended.

Directly Quoting is copying the source’s exact words and punctuation. Include quotation marks around a direct quote:

Direct Quote Example

Before a Direct Quote

Note:  Do NOT change the meaning of the quote to fit your point. Make sure to keep the author’s original meaning when you are using his or her words or ideas.

Suggested Approaches

For more information, Contact the Writing Center.